Smarty Buddy Math Analogies Sample
Analogies are a central part of any standardized test or above-grade-level gifted and talented placement test. An analogy is simply a puzzle of relationships between pairs of words, pictures, or math symbols. We all remember verbal analogies from the SAT test:
Cat : kitten :: Dog : puppy
Analogies are often written in this notation, which should be read as:
Cat is to kitten as dog is to puppy
¨ The single colon (:) compares two items in a pair of words.
¨ The double colon (::) extends the relationship of the first pair to the second pair of words.
An analogy question will usually appear as a multiple choice question:
Cat : kitten :: Dog : _______
Invite your child to read out loud. Cat is to kitten as dog is to what? Then read aloud each answer choice and your child will hear the answer: puppy! Ask how are the words related?
Yes, these are pets and their babies. Kitten is a baby cat as puppy is a baby dog!
Math analogies are a fun way to practice answering analogy type questions. Understanding, reasoning, and solving analogies are essential problem-solving skills. Math analogies are a great way to start practicing analogies in a non-verbal format. This type of question will pop up in school assessment tests because it is a simple way to measure cognitive abilities in non-English speaking students as well as native English speaking students.
two : 2 :: four : ?
Read this expression with your child: Two is to 2 as four is to …? Yes, the number 4.
1, 2, 3 : 4 :: 6, 7, 8 : ?
Read this expression with your child: 1, 2, 3 is to 4 as 6, 7, 8 is to …? Yes, …9. Here, we are looking at sequences of numbers. In the first pair of expressions look at the sequence on the left (1, 2, 3) and the next number in the sequence is 4.
Now the next sequence 6, 7, 8 is followed by what? Nine! So the correct answer is the number 9.
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