Analogies on Gifted Placement Tests

Analogies are test questions where a pair of words are given, and you are asked to choose another pair with the same relationship.  Most gifted tests give analogies in a multiple choice format:

Practice Analogy Questions

1.  Nest : Bird 

a. Cave : bear
b. flower : petal
c. window : house
d. dog : basket

2.  Teacher : School

a. Businessman : Money
b. Waitress : Resturant
c. Dentist : Tooth
d. Fish :  Water

3.  pebble : boulder

a. pond : ocean
b. river: rapids
c. fish : elephant
d. feather : bird

4. Poodle : Dog

a. great white : shark
b. dalmatian : great dane
c. money : stock market
d. horse : pony

5.  fox : chicken

a. rat : mouse
b. cat : mouse
c. dog : cat
d. rabbit : hen

6.  lawyer : trial

a. plumber : pipe
b. businessman : secretary
c. doctor : operation
d. hairdresser : blow dryer

 

Answer Key
1. A

This is a Functional relationship.   A Bird lives in a nest, the way way a bear lives in a cave.

2 B

This is a functional relationship.  A teacher works in a school in the same way a waitress works in a resturant.

3. A

This is a Degree relationship.   A boulder is a very large pebble – both are rocks, in the same way an ocean is a very large pond – both are very bodies of water.

4. A

This is a type relationship.  A poodle is a type of dog in the same way a great white is a type of shark.

5. B

This is a predator/prey relationship.  Foxes eat chickens in the sam way as cats eat mice.

6. C

This is a functional relationship. A lawyer defends a client in a trial in the same way a doctor performs an operation on a patient.

 

Here’s a sample of analogy questions where a student needs to fill in the blanks.  This method provides a more rigorous test preparation option, where a child needs to find a vocabulary word that would complete the logic connection.

More Practice Analogy Questions

Directions: Complete each analogy by writing the correct word on the blank line.
1. Bird is to fly as fish is to _______________________.
2. Snake is to reptile as frog is to _______________________.
3. Parrot is to feathers as bear is to _______________________.
4. Zebra is to stripes as giraffe is to _______________________.
5. Koala is to mammal as turtle is to _______________________.
6. Fish is to gills as squirrel is to _______________________.
7. Cat is to kitten as cow is to ________________.
8. Shark is to fish as dolphin is to _______________________.
9. Canary is to yellow as polar bear is to ____________________.
10. Penguin is to Antarctica as panda is to ____________________.
11. Goose is to flock as fish is to ___________________.
12. Ant is to six legs as spider is to _________________________.
13. Snake is to slither as whale is to _________________________.
14. Lizard is to vertebrate as cricket is to _____________________.
15. Lion is to carnivore as rhino is to _______________________.
16. Bison is to walk as kangaroo is to _______________________.
17. Pig is to piglet as duck is to _______________________.
18. Bass is to fish as horse is to _______________________.

Answers 

1. Bird is to fly as fish is to swim.
2. Snake is to reptile as frog is to amphibian.
3. Parrot is to feathers as bear is to fur.
4. Zebra is to stripes as giraffe is to spots.
5. Koala is to mammal as turtle is to reptile.
6. Fish is to gills as squirrel is to lungs.
7. Cat is to kitten as cow is to calf.
8. Shark is to fish as dolphin is to mammal.
9. Canary is to yellow as polar bear is to white.
10. Penguin is to Antarctica as panda is to Asia.
11. Goose is to flock as fish is to school.
12. Ant is to six legs as spider is to eight legs.
13. Snake is to slither as whale is to swim.
14. Lizard is to vertebrate as cricket is to invertebrate.
15. Lion is to carnivore as rhino is to herbivore.
16. Bison is to walk as kangaroo is to hop or jump.
17. Pig is to piglet as duck is to duckling.
18. Bass is to fish as horse is to mammal.

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